William Raphael (August 22, 1833 – March 15, 1914) was a Canadian artist. Born in Nakel, Prussia, of Orthodox Jewish background, he studied at the Berlin School of Fine Art. In 1856, he emigrated to New York City and then went to Montreal, where he remained for the rest of his life.Nine years after he moved to Montreal, he painted "Immigrants at Montreal", later titled "Behind Bonsecours Market" purchased by the National Gallery of Canada in 1957.He was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts

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